Lushan National Park (UNESCO cultural heritage site since 1996)
Mount Lushan in northern Jiangxi Province, with an area of 302 sq km, features Quaternary glacier topography with rivers, lakes and peaks, and is known as a "geological park." Rich in biological resources, the mountain area boasts a complete ecological system.
In 391 Hui Yuan, a Buddhist leader, built Donglin (Eastern Grove) Temple here, which later became a Buddhist center for the whole of South China. A Taoist priest named Lu Xiujing established the Taoist.
Nanrianshi School on the mountain in the fifth century, and Ma Zudao established the Linji and Weiyang sects of Taoism here during the Tang Dynasty (618-907). During the Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties, Islamic, Catholic and Protestant places of worship were established on Mount Lushan.