Emperors Huangdi and Yandi
Huangdi, or the Yellow Emperor, was one of the Five Emperors in prehistoric China, together with Zhuanxu, Diku, Yao and Shun, prominent tribe leaders of the patriarchal society. With the family name of Gongsun, and given name Xuanyuan, Huangdi was born a talented child. When he grew up, he was elected chief of his tribe, because of his readiness to help his fellow tribesmen. Later, he defeated and annexed a tribe led by Yandi, surnamed Jiang, in an armed conflict. After the takeover, Huangdi became the chief of the new tribe, with Yandi serving as his deputy. The Yan-Huang tribe is believed to be the embryo of the Chinese nation. The Chinese often refer to themselves as "descendants of Huandi and Yandi."
After the merger of the tribes of Yandi and Huangdi, the Jiuli tribe in the south began to move northeastward, threatening the Yan-Huang tribe. As he once had defeated Yandi in a battle, Chiyou, the arrogant chief of the Jiuli tribe, presumed the Yan-Huang tribe to be no match to him.
Chiyou was said to be a powerful figure. He had 81 brothers, all of whom were animals with human heads, each with eight arms and nine toes. Their foreheads were as strong as iron. Wearing colorful designs on their faces, these ferocious creatures could eat sand and stone. In order to cope with the threat from the Jiuli tribe, Yandi and Huangdi had many stone knives and axes carved, and a formidable force trained. At the same time, they devised a scrupulous defense plan.
A fierce battle between the two tribes finally broke out in Zhuolu. At the beginning, Huangdi ordered General Yinglong to block rivers and used the water to drown Chiyou's troops. Chiyou remained unfazed as he had the support of the gods of wind and rain, who sent strong winds and heavy rains. In response, Huangdi sent for Goddess Hanbo, who dispelled the winds and rains with scorching sunshine and dry gusts.
Beaten in the first round, Chiyou was forced to make the most of his powers. Using wizardry, he caused a heavy fog. In the blinding fog, which lasted for three days and nights, the warriors of the Yan-Huang tribe lost all sense of direction, unable to spot their enemies, and they struggled to stay together. Huangdi then ordered General Fenghou to construct a compass chariot to give directions. With the chariot, they found the location of Chiyou's headquarters.
When they launched the decisive attack, the complacent Chiyou was indulging in merrymaking, assuming a guaranteed victory in this battle. The offensive took him by complete surprise. He was beaten to the ground and taken prisoner before he had time to organize any significant counterattack. After their triumph, Yandi and Huangdi merged the Jiuli tribe into the Yan-Huang tribe.