Temple and Cemetery of Confucius, and the Kong Family Mansion (UNESCO cultural heritage site since 1994)
Confucius (551-419 BC), whose family name was Kong, was one of China's greatest thinkers and teachers. His residence, located in Qufu, Shandong Province, was converted to the Confucius Temple the year after his death for the holding of annual sacrifices to his spirit. Confucian doctrine became the state ideology throughout most of China's feudal dynasties, and as a result the scale of the Confucius Tempie was constantly expanded until now it has an area of 327.5 mu (22 ha.) and 466 buildings. The temple grounds house a number of steles bearing relief carvings and inscriptions. Which are valuable materials for studying ancient Chinese calligraphy culture and art The Kong Family Mansion, to the east of the Confucius Temple, contains a collection of precious historical records and cultural relies. The 3.000-odd-mu cemetery is the Kong family cemetery. Confucius himself is buried there. alongside thousands of his descendants.